What is arthritis?
Arthritis is an inflammation of the joints, which can cause pain and difficulty when you move around. Other possible effects of arthritis are loss of grip and strength. Most people find that they have ‘good days and bad days’. In the UK there are around 10 million people who have arthritis and it is the single biggest cause of physical disability.
There are over 200 different types of arthritis. The most common types are:
- Osteoarthritis – This condition usually develops gradually and affects several different joints; most commonly the hands, knees, hips, feet and spine. It occurs when the cartilage becomes thin and weakened. After a number of years the disease may ‘settle’ and eventually the joints may become less painful and problematic.
- Rheumatoid arthritis – This occurs when joints and tendons become inflamed. It can start suddenly, but is more likely to develop slowly over weeks or months, with swollen, painful joints, stiffness and a general feeling of fatigue. It may be associated with Reynaud’s disease or scleroderma.
- Ankylosing Spondylitis – This is another form of inflammatory arthritis, which begins by affecting the joints in the lower back, which become inflamed and stiff. It is most common amongst younger men.
- Gout – This condition is when crystals build up in the body and cause the joints to become very painful. Gout most commonly affects the joints at the base of the big toe, but may also affect other joints such as the ankles, knees, hands, wrists or elbows. Once you receive treatment, the condition improves quickly.
Ways to help prevent arthritis or improve your existing condition
There are several ways that you can help to prevent or reduce the severity of arthritis:
- Control your weight – Being overweight increases the pressure on your joints. Maintaining a healthy weight will help to ease this pressure and make your joints less painful.
- Exercise – Weight-bearing exercise, such as walking, can help to prevent osteoarthritis by increasing the strength of the muscles that support your joints.
- Good posture – Having a good posture can help to strengthen your joint structures and prevent osteoarthritis.
- Equipment and adaptations – There is a wide range of equipment available to help make your daily tasks easier, such as jar openers or bath seats. For more information contact the Community Health and Social Care Direct or Disabled Living Foundation.
- Foot care – Wearing well-cushioned footwear with lace-up fastenings and adjustable straps can sometimes relieve the pain and discomfort in your feet. Ask your chiropodist for advice; they may be able to recommend some special ‘shock absorbing’ insoles or custom-made inlays.
Local Information and Advice
The following organisations can provide you with more information about arthritis and about how you can access help and support:
Versus Arthritis provide information and advice for people who have arthritis. They have a national free, confidential helpline to provide information, emotional and practical support to anyone affected by arthritis. They can offer advice on:
- how to manage pain;
- specific conditions;
- options about medication and treatments;
- what exercise or diet might be appropriate; and
- how to cope on an emotional level.
Other Useful Information
- National Rheumatoid Arthritis Society
- For information and guidance on improving your home to meet your needs better please visit the Housing section of Information Now website.
- NHS 111 is the new telephone service which has replaced NHS Direct. You can call 111 when you need medical help fast but it’s not a 999 emergency. NHS 111 is a fast and easy way to get the right help, whatever the time.
- NHS.UK is a website providing health and medicines information and you can search for local services.
- Your Equipment Newcastle has product catalogues that may help you with your daily living concerns, including: cutlery, garden tools and getting in and out of the bath.
- The Patient Information Centre offers a range of health related information including:
- medical conditions
- procedures and treatments
- details about self help and support groups
- information about complaints procedures
- copies of leaflets
Please note – The content on this website is provided for general information only, and should not be treated as a substitute for the medical advice of your own doctor or any other health care professional. If you are feeling unwell, make an appointment to see your GP or contact NHS 111. In an emergency, dial 999.
Last updated: July 9, 2020